- Takuji Machida (Department of Pharmacological Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido / firstname.lastname@example.org)
1) Department of Pharmacological Sciences, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido , 2) Present address: School of Health Sciences, Iryo Sosei University
5-Hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is synthesized by L-tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and is stored mainly in enterochromaffin cells of the mucosal epithelium. We previously reported that administration of methotrexate, an anticancer agent, to rats caused hyperplasia of enterochromaffin cells, and nitric oxide (NO) might be involved in the underlying mechanism. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of methotrexate on hyperplasia of enterochromaffin cells in mice. C57BL/6J mice were intraperitoneally injected with methotrexate or saline as a control. Methotrexate caused an increase in the number of TPH-expressing cells (i.e., enterochromaffin cells) in the jejunum. Methotrexate also increased inducible, but not constitutive, NOS mRNA expression. Our results indicate that methotrexate potentiates 5-HT synthesis in mice, as we previously found in rats.